IOM is carrying out displacement tracking activities with regard to internal displacement in Haiti caused by gang violence and natural hazards. Since November 2022, IOM has also monitored cross-border movements at the land border with the Dominican Republic.
With regards to internal displacement, IOM is regularly assessing the number and location of displacement sites, the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs), priority needs, and other relevant information. The information on the baseline assessments is publicly available and shared with all partners to inform a coordinated response. After each round of data collection, IOM organizes webinars to explain data collection methods and trends of the data in coordination with the Directorate General for Civil Protection (DGPC) of Haiti. Via the successive rounds of data collection, IOM is also keeping track of the share of IDPs who are received by host families and those who remain in displacement sites.
In addition, IOM is using its network of key informants to assess the overall stability in districts of the Port-au-Prince Metropolitan Area by looking at a number of indicators, including security and availability of services, to feed into program planning.
IOM is also carrying out rapid assessments when displacement occurs and publishes Emergency Tracking Tool reports (ETT) to help provide immediate responses to displacement and to keep partners informed about the evolution of displacement situations.
With regards to cross-border movement, IOM collects and analyzes data on migration flows at both official and unofficial border crossing points. For this task IOM is partnering with civil society organizations and national NGOs operating in border areas to maintain a network of enumerators to track migratory flows and gather data movements and cross border activities. The information is made available via an interactive dashboard.