Since the immediate aftermath of the earthquake, IOM Haiti has played a leadership role among humanitarian partners in consolidating, analyzing and disseminating vital data and information about the displaced population and the spontaneous sites that were emerging to accommodate them.
Data management activities began in February 2010 to provide baseline data in support of the planning and implementation of targeted and effective programs in camps, and provided timely and accurate statistical information to Governmental institutions, the CCCM/E-Shelter and other clusters. As efforts transitioned from emergency response towards return and reconstruction, tools and methodologies used by IOM displacement tracking operations transformed to respond to the changing environment and to the specific challenges posed by the sheer impact of the earthquake both in camps and communities, the urban context, the protracted nature of the displacement and the delays in reconstruction.
The Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), an institutional tool developed by IOM to gather data on camps and camp-like settings, was rolled out in Haiti in partnership with the Department of Civil Protection (DPC) in an effort to provide up-to-date and regular information on the displaced population and the conditions in IDP sites.
The DTM is articulated into three components
1) Camp-based, rapid assessment that gathers general information and covers all identified sites through observation, physical counting and informant interview. It includes data on camp identification (name of site, GPS coordinates and location), classification of the site and ownership of the land, services and security provision, type and number of shelters, camp-resident population.
2) Individual registration or complete census of IDP sites and IDP population was completed at the end of 2010, with the registration of 1,255 sites, 320,000 IDP households and 1,555,000 IDP individuals.
3) Identifying and tracking returnees: registration continues to be carried out mainly to support the return process/operations, through identification of IDPs eligible for rental subsidies or for other form of support, and by tracking them in the communities for evalutation
In addition to its displacement tracking activities, IOM DMU developed initiatives to gather data on the conditions of earthquake-affected neighborhoods and the population living in these areas, with a view to advise long-term strategies and find alternative housing solutions for the displaced. To facilitate housing and neighborhood reconstruction, and together with the National Institute of Statistics (IHSI) DMU field teams and GIS teams are finalizing the cartography of selected neighborhoods in Port au Prince metropolitan area, in preparation for the national census that will be held in 2014.
At the same time and using the cartography as a base, DMU worked with its legal team to produce clear data on the status of houses, infrastructure and ownership of parcels of land and buildings in the earthquake affected area through the Over-Coming Land Tenure Barriers (OLTB) project. The methodology adopted a community based approach called enumeration, to identify land ownership and tenancy in earthquake affected areas, and it articulates in three-components 1) building and plots inventory 2) household registration, whereby critical occupancy and demographic information required for reconstruction is gathered for each building 3) Community validation or verification with the community that the information gathered through mapping and registration is accurate
Data gathered through this project is shared with the Government of Haiti and reconstruction partners, and public information activities ensure that the communities are informed and aware of the process.
DMU also carried out a number of surveys for the humanitarian community, on education in camps, on return intentions of IDPs, on SGBV in camps, on the rental market or availability of houses for rent in Port au Prince metropolitan area, and lately the unit is being involved in beneficiaries selection for housing programs for the government and humanitarian partners (FAES and USAID).