IOM Haiti’s Disaster Risk Reduction and Disaster Management programme is designed to prepare for and respond to potential disasters in the near term as well as reduce the risk faced by the Haitian population to potential disasters in the future. The ongoing displacement crisis resulted from a natural disaster, the earthquake that struck Haiti on 12 January 2010. Preparing for and responding to potential disasters is a life-saving activity that prevents further irregular and unsafe migration, and alleviates the suffering and vulnerability of internally displaced persons remaining in camps.
To ensure the sustainability of IOM’s actions, all activities are conducted in the context of capacity building of state authorities, including the Direction de la Protection Civile (DPC) at the national level and local authorities at the commune and neighborhood levels. IOM’s DRR activities take place in IDP camps, surrounding urban communities and rural areas.
To achieve this objective of preparing and responding to potential disasters, the IOM DRR Unit implements diverse activities that include Emergency preparedness and response, Support to Haitian fire and rescue services, Evacuation shelters-related activities (Production of Guidelines on Evacuation Shelter Management, Structural evaluations and Mapping of shelters, Infrastructures construction and rehabilitation, and Support to Thematic Committee on Evacuation Shelter Management), Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction, and Reduction of Physical Risk/Mitigation.