IOM in Haiti is committed to supporting the Government of Haiti (GoH) in its immediate and long-term migration related challenges by enhancing the capacities of national institutions to better manage their borders and regional migration dynamics, supporting public sector and civil society actors in reducing forced movement and the vulnerability of migrants, and mainstreaming migration into the development agenda through policies and legislation.
IOM has been present in Haiti since 1994, providing assistance to the GoH and the Haitian population through its core competencies and consolidated experience in capacity-building and humanitarian assistance. IOM’s interventions fall within a number of focus areas, including:
- Protection and resilience-building mechanisms for vulnerable migrants;
- Identification of durable solutions for those displaced by natural disasters and improving urban conditions and critical infrastructure to strengthen community stabilization;
- Disaster risk reduction activities including watershed management and ravine mitigation works, training and technical assistance for national counterparts, as well as preparations and response to natural disasters through evacuation management;
- Addressing the intersection of migration and climate change through policy dialogue and training;
- Responding to national health crises including the ongoing cholera epidemic.
IOM Haiti is a leading stakeholder in the field of data management. The Organization gathers, analyzes and disseminates information to humanitarian and development partners, using a combination of tools and technologies developed to identify, register, enumerate, map out, protect and follow up on IDPs in camps and communities, as well as relocated IDP families in the neighborhoods.
Across the globe, IOM responds to emergencies that result in mass displacement. IOM acts as the lead agency for the Emergency Shelter and Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster in the event of a displacement crises caused by a natural disaster. After the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, IOM personnel responded within 24 hours, providing and coordinating life-saving services and eventually partnering with the Government of Haiti and the international humanitarian community in the search for durable solutions to the displacement crisis.
Through 2014, IOM was the lead agency for the Emergency Shelter, CCCM and Non-Food Item Cluster. Most of the current activities are directed towards the Internally Displaced Persons (IDP) who remains in camps and informal settlements. As coordinator and as last resort provider, IOM provides critical services and humanitarian assistance to populations still in internal displaced camps created as a result of the earthquake. IOM works towards providing durable solutions including the return of IDPs to their areas of origin and the decommissioning of camps with key Governmental officials. A minimum of care and maintenance in camps is an essential humanitarian and lifesaving requirement, given the extremely high vulnerability of the population in camps, deteriorating physical conditions of tents and tarps, annual risks from being exposed to rain and hurricane season, and health hazards, including cholera.
IOM Haiti currently implements 16 active projects in the following programmatic areas: Camp management; Protection and Counter-Trafficking; Data Management; Community stabilization; Communications; Migrant assistance; Migration Health, including cholera response; and Labor migration.